Tools and Resources for Historical Research
Archives and Manuscript Collections:
In New Jersey
- Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center (Special Collections Department, Newark Public Library, Newark, New Jersey)
- The Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center is a research-level collection of materials relating to New Jersey, Essex County and Newark. It includes both historical and current information in these formats: books, newspapers, documents, pictures and archives.
- The Hermitage (Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey)
- This National Historic Landmark, site of a 14-room Gothic Revival home built in 1847 (and incorporating portions of an historic Colonial-era home built in the 1740â€™s) houses the archives of the Rosencrantz family, who owned the estate from 1807 to 1970. The collection is available to qualified researchers by appointment.
- New Jersey Division of Archives and Records Management (NJDARM)
- The State Archives operates New Jersey's research center for public records of enduring historical value. Current holdings amount to nearly 33,000 cubic feet of paper records and over 28,000 reels of microfilm. Located in downtown Trenton, the State Archives provides reference and consultative services to thousands of researchers, historians and public record-keepers annually. The public records include materials from all branches of New Jersey government (including colonial era records), county, municipal and federal records, a limited number of non-governmental records, and newspapers.
- New Jersey Historical Society (Newark, New Jersey)
- This new site now contains an online database of collection finding guides for the Society's archival collections, which include manuscripts, photographs, ephemera, vertical files, biographical files and family file collections. The Society also houses a large library of books, pamphlets, maps, and broadsides, although access to these materials is not yet available online.
- Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries (New Brunswick, New Jersey)
- Situated inside the Archibald S. Alexander Library, the state university's special collections branch includes a large number of materials for those researching New Jersey history. The Sinclair New Jersey Collection contains approximately 61,000 monographs, pamphlets, periodicals and serials covering every aspect of state and local history. The Manuscripts Collection now consists of over 8 million items in over 2,000 distinct collections, and New Jersey materials extend to the eighteenth century. Over 50,000 rare books are also available for research in the humanities.
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Outside New Jersey
- Archives & Manuscript Collections Outside Columbia
- This fine selection of links to archival sites is maintained by Sarah Spurgin Witte of the Columbia University Library system. In addition to its lengthy directory of archival sites in the U.S., the page includes links to archives in 23 other countries. Regularly updated to remain accurate and current.
- Archivenet: National Archives Around The World
- Site based in the Netherlands contains links to the national archives of over 50 countries. An initiative of the Historical Centre Overijssel.
- David Library of the American Revolution
- Privately endowed, nonprofit foundation devoted to the study of American history circa 1750 to 1800. The David Library is primarily a microform archive of approximately 10,000 reels that contain an estimated 8 million pages of documentation. The collection is supported by a reference collection of 40,000 books and pamphlets in both bound volumes and microcards. Although the main focus is on the American Revolution, in recent years the library has been augmenting its materials on the French and Indian War and the early national periods. Microfilm holdings currently include over 200 collections from domestic and foreign repositories. Located in Washington Crossing, PA, 72 miles from WPU.
- Digital Librarian's Archives & Manuscripts Page
- Margaret Vail Anderson, a librarian in Cortland, New York, has been compiling several pages of quality web links since 1996 and this page includes a good sample of archival sites covering a wide variety of subjects, time periods, and places.
- National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
- "NARA is an independent Federal agency that helps preserve U.S. history by overseeing the management of all Federal records." NARA is currently undertaking a number of major digitization projects, including the Archival Research Catalog (ARC), an online searchable database containing information about some of NARA's holdings across the country. NARA has already digitized copies of its most popular and significant manuscripts, photographs, sound recordings, maps, drawings and other documents. Approximately 124,000 digital copies are available for researchers to view online through ARC, and the items can be searched by title, subject, or other keywords.
- National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
- NUCMC is a free-of-charge cooperative cataloging program operated by the Library of Congress. The purpose of NUCMC is to make available in one database the contents of archival and manuscript collections in research libraries, museums, state archives, and historical societies located throughout North America. From 1959 to 1993, the contents of NUCMC were published in print volumes. Since 1986, bibliographic records created for NUCMC have been made available in electronic format and can now be searched using this database. An important resource for U.S. history.
- New York Historical Society (New York, New York)
- Founded in 1804, the NYHS is home to one of the oldest and largest research libraries in the country, housing approximately half a million books and pamphlets, 2 million manuscripts, over 10,000 newspaper titles, over 10,000 maps, and hundreds of thousands of photographs, prints, and architectural records.
- Repositories of Primary Sources
- Compiled and maintained by the University of Idaho Library, this site lists "over 4,100 websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar." The directory has a worldwide scope, and its "Additional Lists" page provides links to more directories.
- UNESCO/IFLA Directory of Digitized Collections
- This searchable, browsable database "aims to offer a listing of major digitized heritage collections and on-going digitization programmes worldwide....[to] provide a single focal point of information on digitized collections." A joint project of UNESCO and the International Federation of Library Associations.
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Bibliographies and Indexes
- America: History and Life
- Bibliographic database contains over 400,000 citations and abstracts for journal and magazine articles, book and media reviews, and dissertations covering the world's scholarly literature about the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes material from over 2,100 journals and magazines written in over 40 languages, although the majority of items were published in English. Most of the items in the database were issued after 1959. Many records now contain links to full-text articles in other Library databases. Please note that access to this database is restricted to currently enrolled students, faculty and staff.
- The American Historical Association's Guide to Historical Literature / general editor, Mary Beth Norton; associate editor, Pamela Gerardi. - New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. - 2 v.; 27 cm. - Call Number: REF D20.A64
- Carefully selected books and articles covering all major topic areas in historical research. Not intended to be exhaustive; instead the editors emphasize the best and most important works published for each subject area, concentrating on writings published between 1961 and 1992. All entries contain brief, useful annotations. Should be supplemented with a search in the Book Reviews section of the American Historical Review and other journals for the period after 1992.
- Historical Abstracts
- Bibliographic database contains over 600,000 citations and abstracts for journal and magazine articles, book reviews, and dissertations covering the world's scholarly literature in history from 1450 to the present (excluding the United States and Canada). Includes material from over 2,100 journals and magazines written in over 50 languages, although more than half the items were published in English. Most of the items in the database were issued after 1955. Many records now contain links to full-text articles in other Library databases. Please note that access to this database is restricted to currently enrolled students, faculty and staff.
- History Guide
- Based at the State and University Library at Göttingen, Germany, this site is a subject gateway to scholarly information in history online. You can browse by subject or source type, or search for specific items. Every record in the database is described using a bibliographic standard for the web.
- Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance
- An online portal to research aids for Medieval and Renaissance studies, Iter includes several resources:
Please note that access to this database is restricted to currently enrolled students, faculty and staff.
- The Iter Bibliography indexes scholarly literature pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700). Citations for books and articles from over 1,700 journals are included, as are citations for essays in books (including entries in conference proceedings, festschriften, encyclopedias and exhibition catalogues).
- The International Directory of Scholars provides access to directory information for Medieval and Early Modern studies scholars around the world.
- The International Directory of Renaissance and Reformation Associations and Institutes provides similar directory information for research associations and institutions.
- Baptisteria Sacra index offers detailed descriptions of baptismal fonts from the early Christian period to the 17th century.
- The Electronic Capito Project provides the text of letters from and to Wolfgang Capito which are either unpublished or have been published before 1850 and are therefore difficult to access.
- Reference Sources in History: An Introductory Guide, 2nd Edition / Ronald H. Fritze, Brian E. Coutts, Louis Vyhnanek with contributions by Walter Bell and Jimmy Bryant. - Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Calif., 2004. - xxv. 334 p. : 26 cm.
Call Number: REF Z6201.F72
- Excellent, up-to-date guide covers 930 important reference works in history. Includes guides, handbooks, and manuals; bibliographies; book review indexes; periodical guides and indexes; guides and indexes to newspapers; dissertations and theses; government publications and legal sources; dictionaries and encyclopedias; biographical, geographical and statistical sources; and archival finding aids.
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Electronic and Print Periodicals/Journals
The Library provides access to a large number of electronic journals in history by subscription through several databases, and these can be browsed using the following links:
In addition to the subscription titles, the following is a selected sample of history e-journals available for free through the world wide web. Stefan Blaschke's History Journals Guide provides a comprehensive listing, although the content of some titles may not be accessible without a subscription:
- 49th Parallel: An Interdisciplinary Journal of North American Studies
- Sponsored by the Department of American and Canadian Studies at the University of Birmingham (UK), this journal is run by graduate students and aims to promote their work alongside that of more established scholars. Articles, reviews, and discussion.
- Common-Place: The Interactive Journal of Early American Life
- Sponsored by the American Antiquarian Society and the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, Common-Place provides a web-based forum for exploring and exchanging ideas about early American history and culture. Writers include scholars, museum curators, teachers, hobbyists and others interested in American history before 1900. Covers a wide variety of topics relating to early American life.
- Eras (ISSN 1445-5218)
- On-line journal edited and produced by graduate students from the School of Historical Studies at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. The subject scope includes history, archaeology and ancient history, religion and theology, and Jewish civilisation. The journal is intended as an international forum for current or recently completed Masters and PhD students to publish original research, comment and reviews in any field covered by the School's teaching and research.
- History Now: American History Online
- Published online by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, History Now is a quarterly journal specially oriented to history teachers. It's mission is "to promote the study of American history with articles from noted historians as well as lesson plans, resource guides, links to related websites, and other resources for teachers and students." The journal is edited by professional historians and contains material of interest to teachers and students.
- Based at the East Central European Center (School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University), Intermarium offers articles about the history and politics of Central and Eastern Europe following World War II. The journal is meant to broaden the discourse on aspects of national histories that are undergoing change thanks to the availability of new documentation from recently opened archives.
- Intersections: Gender, History & Culture in the Asian Context (ISSN 1440-9151)
- A refereed electronic journal conceived as an interactive forum for new research and teaching in the area of gender studies in the Asian region, with an emphasis on historical topics. Based at the School of Asian Studies, Murdoch University (Australia).
- Journal for MultiMedia History
- Journal based at the State University of New York in Albany claims to be "the first peer-reviewed electronic journal that presents, evaluates, and disseminates multimedia historical scholarship." While this may or may not be the case, it is true that this journal does an effective job of integrating text, sound, and images in its articles and reviews.
- Journal of the Association for History and Computing
- This peer-reviewed journal, sponsored by the American Association for History and Computing, aspires to promote and develop interest in the use of computers in all types of historical study at every level, in both teaching and research. Articles, works in progress, reviews, and more.
- The Medieval Review
- Publishing reviews of current work in all areas of medieval studies, this e-journal includes a searchable archive of past reviews dating back to 1993. Based at the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University.
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Electronic Mailing Lists and Newsgroups
- Google Groups (Usenet Discussion Forums)
- Web-based archive for Usenet discussion forums or "newsgroups," one of the internet's oldest features. The topics covered by newsgroups are very wide-ranging, but several are devoted to history (e.g., soc.history.ancient, soc.history.early-modern, soc.history.war.vietnam, etc.).
- History News Network
- Based in Seattle, the History News Network is a project designed to bring historical perspectives to current events and to report on newsworthy topics in the field of history itself. The Network describes its purpose in its own Mission Statement as follows: "Among the many duties we assume are these: To expose politicians who misrepresent history. To point out bogus analogies. To deflate beguiling myths. To remind Americans of the irony of history. To put events in context. To remind us all of the complexity of history. Because we believe history is complicated our pages are open to people of all political persuasions. Left, right, center: all are welcome." Available for subscription through RSS Feed.
- H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences OnLine
- H-Net is an international consortium of scholars and teachers dedicated to using internet networks to advance teaching and research. H-Net currently sponsors over 100 free electronic, interactive newsletters (discussion lists) edited by scholars in North America, Europe, Africa, and the Pacific, including some of the most important lists for history. You can subscribe to these lists for direct email delivery or via RSS Feed.
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Government Resources: Federal and State Depository Libraries and Historical Commissions
- Catalog of U.S. Government Publications
- The Catalog of U.S. Government Publications (CGP) is the finding tool for electronic and print publications from the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the U.S. government. These publications make up the National Bibliography of U.S. Government Publications. The CGP contains descriptive records for historical and current publications and provides direct links to those that are available online. More than 500,000 records generated since July 1976 are contained in the CGP and it is updated daily. The catalog will grow to include records for publications dating back to the late 1800s, making the CGP the central point for locating new and historical Government publications.
- Federal Depository Library Program
- The Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) was established by Congress to ensure that the American public has access to its Government's information. Over 30 public and academic libraries in New Jersey currently participate in the program. The Newark Public Library serves as the Regional Depository for the state, which means it receives one copy of every publication distributed through the program and must retain all documents permanently. Federal Depository Libraries in other states can be located using a finding aid hosted by the Government Printing Office.
- New Jersey Government Publications (State Depository Libraries)
- The New Jersey State Library in Trenton is the primary depository for official publications of state government intended for public distribution. These include departmental annual reports, statistical reports, transcripts of legislative hearings, and special studies from the early part of the nineteenth century to the present. The State Library supplies copies of most current materials to 51 other libraries in New Jersey - including the David and Lorraine Cheng Library - that have agreed to maintain each item and make it available for a minimum period of five years.
- New Jersey Historical Commission
- "The Commission was created by law in 1967 to advance public knowledge of the history of New Jersey....[Its staff] furthers this mission through conferences, publications, workshops, grants, research, consultation, exhibitions, and media projects."
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- American Historical Images (from Digital History)
- Link directory to image collections relevant to American history. The collection includes advertisements, architecture, art, books and pamphlets, paintings, and photography covering a wide variety of subjects and periods.
- A high-quality digital image library, ARTstor contains approximately 300,000 images covering art, architecture and archeology. ARTstor's special software and search interface permits zooming and panning, saving groups of images online for personal or shared uses, and creating and delivering presentations both online and offline. The coverage of the database extends to the earliest civilizations through to the recent past, and its geographical scope is quite broad. Please note that access to this database is restricted to currently enrolled students, faculty and staff.
- Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University
- The Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University teaches, engages in, and presents documentary work grounded in collaborative partnerships and extended fieldwork that uses photography, film/video, audio, and narrative writing to capture and convey contemporary memory, life, and culture. The site includes numerous online exhibits presenting examples of the Center's work.
- Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection (Indiana University Digital Library Program)
- Charles Weever Cushman, amateur photographer and Indiana University alumnus, bequeathed approximately 14,500 Kodachrome color slides to his alma mater. The photographs in this collection bridge a thirty-two year span from 1938 to 1969, during which time he extensively documented the United States as well as other countries.
- NYPL Digital Gallery
- Free, searchable database of 275,000 photographs and manuscripts from the New York Public Library's research collections. Images in the digital gallery include Civil War photographs, illuminated manuscripts, Japanese prints, early American maps, illustrations relating to the American Revolution, and archival photographs of New York City buildings and streetscapes. An additional 225,000 images that have already been digitized are expected to be added to the database in the coming months.
- Smithsonian Images
- Smithsonian Images is administered and maintained by Smithsonian Photographic Services, the main photographic office for the National Museum of American History Bering Center, National Museum of Natural History, and National Air and Space Museum. As such, the Office maintains an archive of over 2.5 million contemporary and historic images from these museums.
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Historical Societies, Museums, and Philanthropic Organizations
- Bergen County Historical Society
- The Bergen County Historical Society, a non-profit volunteer organization, promotes preservation, study and appreciation of local history. Its museum collections are displayed at the Steuben House, a State Historic Site and the Campbell-Christie House, a County Historic Site, both located in River Edge.
- Camden County Historical Society
- The CCHS maintains a research library and museum at its headquarters in Camden. The library holdings exceed 19,000 volumes and are dedicated to the history and genealogy of Camden City, Camden County and the Delaware Valley. Vertical files covering a wide range of subjects complement the books and manuscript items available for research. Manuscript materials range from individual family files to business records. This is rounded out by a large collection of wills and deeds, both recorded and unrecorded. Other features of the library are an outstanding map collection, the most complete grouping of historical Camden County newspapers on microfilm and a fine set of city directories for both Camden and Philadelphia.
- Gloucester County Historical Society
- The Gloucester County Historical Society Library specializes in genealogy and its collections are varied. Included are hundreds of vertical files on South Jersey - Delaware Valley families; over 2,200 reels of microfilm pertaining to area census records, wills, newspapers, deeds, church and cemetery data; vital statistics extracted from newspapers; and over 800 volumes on genealogy. The library is also the repository for Gloucester County maps, manuscripts, diaries, account books, newspapers, photographs, and it houses the archives for the county document collection.
- Monmouth County Historical Association
- The MCHA's Library and Archives holds a large collection of printed and original materials on local history in New Jersey. Over 5000 books, 324 linear feet of manuscripts and archival material, 14 linear feet of ephemera, 32 linear feet of clippings, and 4000 photographs.
- New Jersey Historic Trust
- "Established in 1967, the New Jersey Historic Trust is the only nonprofit historic preservation organization in New Jersey created by State law." The NJHT supports dozens of historical preservation efforts across the state through grants and loans.
- Passaic County Historical Society / Lambert Castle
- The PCHS operates a museum and research library within Lambert Castle. A large collection of materials related to the local history of cities and towns within Passaic County as well as an extensive body of genealogical information on thousands of families who lived within the county can be found at the library.
- Salem County Historical Society
- The Society's library contains extensive materials for genealogical and historical research, including books, manuscripts, documents, scrapbooks, photographs and a microfilm library of old newspapers from throughout the county. There is a complete file of the Historic American Buildings Survey of Salem County architecture and an oral and pictorial history collection.
- Sussex County Historical Society
- The Society's collections consist primarily of genealogical resources, including deeds.
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Maps and Geographical Information Systems
- American Memory: Library of Congress Map Collections, 1544-1996
- A sample of digitized historical maps from the Library of Congress collection. The focus of this site is Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. The images were created from maps and atlases and, in general, are restricted to items that are not covered by copyright protection.
- David Rumsey Map Collection
- The David Rumsey Historical Map Collection has over 8,800 maps online. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century North and South America maps and other cartographic materials. Historic maps of the World, Europe, Asia and Africa are also represented. Collection categories include antique atlas, globe, school geography, maritime chart, state, county, city, pocket, wall, childrens' and manuscript maps.
- Teaching Maps for History at the Cheng Library
- The Cheng Library now houses the History Department's map collection, a set of over 115 large maps intended for faculty and graduate teaching assitant use in the classroom. The maps are located in a file cabinet next to the Library's microfilm collections on the first floor, adjacent to the Reference book collection. This directory contains a brief description of each map in the collection.
- National Historical Geographic Information System
- The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) provides, free of charge, aggregate census data and GIS-compatible boundary files for the United States between 1790 and 2000.
- Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe
- Easy-to-use resource offers maps depicting the states of Europe every first day of each centennial year from AD 1 to AD 1700. A legend helps users understand each of the maps, which are presented as expandable thumbnails.
- The Yale Map Collection
- Yale houses one of the largest university map collections in the U.S., and this site includes a good sample of digitzed historical maps covering locations around the world.
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- Brooklyn Daily Eagle Online (1841-1902)
- The Brooklyn Public Library has completed the first phase of a special digitzation project to make the Brooklyn Daily Eagle newspaper available on the web. The complete run of the paper's first 62 years of publication has been scanned and is now available for searching and browsing online. An excellent primary source collection for nineteenth century history.
- Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers (BETA)
- Chronicling America is a prototype web site providing access to information about historic newspapers and select digitized newspaper pages, and is produced by the National Digital Newspaper Program. Included in the site is a full-text database providing access to pages from 25 newspapers from six states and the District of Columbia published between 1900 and 1910. The project will continue to add content until newspapers from every U.S. state are included.
- Directory of New Jersey Newspapers, 1765-1970 / edited by William C. Wright, Paul A. Stellhorn. - Trenton: New Jersey Historical Commission, 1977. - xxi, 319 p. : facsim. ; 26 cm. - Includes index.
Call Number: REF Z6952.N54D57
- A useful compilation of the newspapers published in New Jersey from the colonial period through 1970, organized by place of publication. Somewhat dated, but still a good source to use for identifying historical newspapers and the libraries that own them.
- National Digital Newspaper Program
- The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC), is a long-term effort to develop an Internet-based, searchable database of all U.S. newspapers with descriptive information and select digitization of historic pages. Supported by NEH, this rich digital resource will be developed and permanently maintained at the Library of Congress. An NEH grant program will fund the contribution of content from, eventually, all U.S. states and territories.
- U.S. News Archives on the Web (News Division, Special Libraries Association)
- This directory is organized by state, focusing on newspapers that maintain archives of older content online. Where possible, the directory indicates how far back content is available, along with any costs to retrieve the full text of articles.
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Professional and Scholarly Organizations
- American Historical Association (AHA)
- The largest historical society in the United States (with approximately 15,000 members), the AHA serves as the umbrella organization for historians working in every period and geographical area.
- American Studies Association (ASA)
- Founded in 1951, the ASA exists to promote and encourage the study of American culture, past and present. Its web site includes a directory of American Studies graduate programs, abstracts of American studies dissertations produced from 1986 to the present, an online version of the ASA newsletter, and more.
- Association for Asian Studies (AAS)
- Founded in 1941, the AAS is a scholarly association open to all persons interested in Asia. It seeks through publications, meetings, and seminars to facilitate contact and an exchange of information among scholars to increase their understanding of East, South, and Southeast Asia. The web site includes a well-organized list of internet resources on Asian studies topics.
- German Studies Association (GSA)
- The GSA is a multi- and interdisciplinary association of scholars in German, Austrian, and Swiss history, literature, culture studies, political science, and economics. Activites include publication of the German Studies Review and an annual conference.
- National Council on Public History (NCPH)
- The NCPH works to advance the professionalism of public history and to advocate enhanced public and governmental support for historical programs. Members include museum professionals, government historians, historical consultants and employees in consulting, archivists, professors and students with public history interests, and others.
- Oral History Association
- The Oral History Association, established in 1966, seeks to bring together all persons interested in oral history as a way of collecting human memories. It provides professional guidance and encourages standards of excellence in the collection, preservation, dissemination and uses of oral testimony. Its evaluation guidelines for oral history interviews will be useful to any student undertaking an oral history project.
- Organization of American Historians (OAH)
- Originally founded as the Mississippi Valley Historical Association in 1907, the OAH is now the largest learned society devoted to the study of American history (with approximately 11,000 members). It promotes teaching and scholarship through a variety of activities and publications. A quarterly newsletter is available online.
- Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR)
- Scholarly organization of historians with research interests in the diplomatic history of the U.S. The web site includes many helpful resources, including links to primary source documents, inlcuding several volumes of the series Foreign Relations of the United States.
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Statistical Sources for History
- EH.net's Economic History Services
- EH.Net is an online organization created by economists, historians and related social scientists to provide resources and promote communication among scholars and students in business history, economic history, the history of economics, and related fields. Among the resources on EH.net's site are a collection of statistical data sets covering a variety of historical subjects, online tools you can use to compare historical data, an encyclopedia of economic and business history, and several bibliographies.
- Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970 / United States. Bureau of the Census. - Bicentennial ed. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1975. - 2 v; Includes bibliographical references and indexes.; House document (United States. Congress (93rd, 1st session : 1973). House) ; no. 93-78. - Call Number: REF HA202.B87 [OR ONLINE]
- Standard two-volume digest of historical statistics originally produced for the Bicentennial. Very convenient lookup tool for statistical data, now entirely online in two PDF files, one for each volume.
- Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS)
- An excellent resource for students of quantitative methods in history, the IPUMS consists of twenty-five high-precision samples of the American population drawn from thirteen federal censuses. The twenty-five samples, which span the censuses of 1850 to 1990, collectively comprise our richest source of quantitative information on long-term changes in the American population. The site is well supported with ample documentation, a web-based menu system for creating useful data extracts and sample, and context-sensitive help. Some familiarity with the conventions of numerical datasets and statistical packages for data analysis (e.g., SPSS, SAS, etc.) is essential, however, to make the most effective use of the data available here.
- Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000 [ PDF File - 15.3 MB]
- Issued in April 2002 by the U.S. Census Bureau, this 149-page book is an excellent resource for students interested in using census data for historical research. It contains a thorough description of every decennial census questionnaire, the text of the instructions issued to census enumerators, reprints of data collection forms, details about the availability of census records in various formats, a history of the decennial censuses, and a useful bibliography.
- Statistical Yearbook of the League of Nations, 1926-1944
- Part of a large digitzation project organized by the Northwestern University Library to make League of Nations materials available online, this collection includes the complete scanned texts of the League's Statistical Yearbooks published between 1926 and 1944. Most volumes includes comparative data on such topics as population, employment, agriculture, economic production and commerce, consumption, transportation and communication, public finance, currency statistics, and prices. A useful tool for studies of the interwar period.
- United States Historical Census Data Browser
- This site, hosted by the University of Virginia Library, provides census data for each U.S. state and county from 1790 to 1970. The information was drawn from a statistical data file created by the the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) [Study Number 0003, "Historical Demographic, Economic and Social Data: The United States, 1790-1970"]. The online viewing tools work best for browsing.
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Internet Resources for History
All Subject Areas
- Best of History Web Sites
- Best of History Web Sites is a portal created for students, history educators, and general history enthusiasts. The site contains links to over 700 history-related web sites that have been reviewed for quality, accuracy and usefulness. Sites with engaging content and stimulating and useful multimedia technologies are most likely to be included in these pages. All sites have been rated and each entry contains a brief description of the contents. A great time-saver.
- World History Index and History Central Catalogue (World Wide Web Virtual Library)
- Now maintained at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy, the History segment of the World Wide Web Virtual Library is a large collaborative effort to compile useful web-based resources for history. The current version is organized by continents, eras, topics, and methods, and the entire site can be searched through two built-in search engines.
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Ancient Near East
- ABZU: A Guide to Information Related to the Study of the Ancient Near East on the Internet
- ABZU is a project of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. It is intended to provide an up-to-date index of ancient Near Eastern resources on the Internet. Materials listed in ABZU include on-line analogs of existing print publications and original contributions to scholarship unavailable in nonelectronic forms. The site is a real time-saver for finding high-quality internet sites related to topics in ancient Near Eastern history.
- Alexander the Great on the Web
- Created and maintained by amateur Greek historian Tim Spalding, this site offers an annotated directory of 900 sites devoted to the Greek conqueror. The directory has over two dozen headings and includes listings of academic articles and books, images of Alexander on the Web, discussion groups, Web biographies, related art of Ancient Greece, and much more. A good specialized resource.
- Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI)
- The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI) represents the work of an international group of Assyriologists, museum curators and historians of science to make available through the internet the form and content of cuneiform tablets dating from the beginning of writing, ca. 3350 BC, until the end of the pre-Christian era. They estimate the number of these documents currently kept in public and private collections to exceed 500,000 exemplars, of which now nearly 225,000 have been catalogued in electronic form by the CDLI. The CDLI is currently pursuing the systematic digital documentation and electronic publication of all cuneiform inscriptions, with special attention paid to 4th and 3rd millennium sources, but with increasing resources devoted to the entire cuneiform text corpus bearing witness to 3500 years of human history.
- Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature
- Based at the University of Oxford, this site aims to make accessible over 400 literary works composed in the Sumerian language in ancient Mesopotamia during the late third and early second millennia BC. The site includes a catalogue of available works, together with a Sumerian text, English prose translation and bibliographical information for each composition. New material and new user facilities are added to the site regularly.
- Exploring Ancient World Cultures: The Ancient Near East
- Part of a site designed to serve as an on-line course supplement for students and teachers of the ancient and medieval worlds, these pages feature essays and primary texts. There is also an index of internet sites, divided into five sub-indices: a chronology, an essay index, an image index, an internet site index and an electronic text index. In addition to the section on the Ancient Near East, also see the sections on Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece.
- Sacred Texts of the Ancient Near East (from the Internet Sacred Text Archive)
- Selection of ancient texts in English translation, transcribed from published works now in the public domain. Includes the Code of Hammurabi and the Babylonian Story of the Deluge and the Epic of Gilgamish. The Internet Sacred Text Archive site includes similar materials for Ancient Egypt and Judaism.
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- Asian Studies World Wide Web Virtual Library
- Hosted at the Australian National University, this very large directory of Asian studies resources on the internet is carefully maintained by a team of over 50 editors, each one a subject specialist. An excellent starting place for locating web-based resources; best for browsing.
- China Bibliography
- Selection of bibliographies on Chinese history and culture compiled and maintained by Marilyn Shea at the University of Maine at Farmington. Also includes a bibliography of dictionaries.
- Chinese Digital Archive, 1966-1976
- Site hosted at the Australian National University currently contains 226 documents, comprising text documents and about 30 photographs, mostly from the ANU Library's Special Collections. The documents are PDF scans of speeches and addresses, many hand-written, relating to the Chinese Cultural Revolution period (1966 to 1976).
- Digital South Asia Library
- The Digital South Asia Library provides digital materials for reference and research on South Asia to scholars, public officials, business leaders, and other users. This project builds upon a two-year pilot project funded by the Association of Research Libraries' Global Resources Program with support from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The Library provides selected reference books, image collections, maps, statistical data, bibliographies, books and journals, and links to internet resources.
- East and Southeast Asia: An Annotated Directory of Internet Resources
- Site developed by Chinese historian Robert Eng at the University of Redlands contains resources covering both historical and contemporary topics. The "Regional and Country Directories" section is especially focused on current events, although there is a "history" section for each country. Of greater interest to history students will be the links to "academic resources" at the bottom of the home page, with pages devoted to Asia, China, Japan, and Asian American Studies.
- Internet East Asian History Sourcebook
- Well-organized directory of links to full-text primary source documents and other resources relevant to the history of East Asia from antiquity to the twentieth century. Good selection of links for China, Japan, and Korea, with a small number of items for other countries. Compiled and maintained by historian Paul Halsall of the University of North Florida and hosted by Fordham University.
- Joint Study of the Sino-Japanese War, 1931-1945
- This site is the central web address for an ambitious program of joint research to be conducted by scholars in China, Japan, and the United States. Papers from the initial planning conference held in January 2000 are available here, and they include useful bibliographies of scholarly and archival materials available in Chinese, English, and Japanese. The participants plan to update the site "to include announcements of new scholarly works and source materials, and other information of assistance to researchers on this Sino-Japanese war."
- Morning Sun: Library (China's Cultural Revolution)
- Still in development, this site includes a collection of primary source documents from the Cultural Revolution (including speeches, newspaper editorials and articles, directives, big-character posters, letters, diaries, pamphlets, and self-criticisms), as well as a wide range of secondary source material, such as essays, memoirs, articles, and book excerpts. These personal narratives, histories, biographies, and scholarly analyses will serve to represent a variety of perspectives on the Cultural Revolution.
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- The Ancient World Web
- Well-organized directory contains over 1,110 web sites dedicated to ancient history (defined roughly as before 700 CE but no later than 1000), with a scope that ranges far beyond Europe. Brief annotations and a rating system based on user feedback are among the features that add value to the site. Can be browsed or searched.
- Argos: Limited Area Search of the Ancient and Medieval Internet
- Argos claims to be "the first peer-reviewed, limited area search engine (LASE) on the World-Wide Web. It has been designed to cover the ancient and medieval worlds. Quality is controlled by a system of hyperlinked internet indices which are managed by qualified professionals who serve as the Associate Editors of the project." These "Associate Sites," which now number 10, generally ensure that searches conducted on Argos will match your terms to relevant topics in ancient and medieval history.
- Classics Collections Page (University of Florida - George A. Smathers Libraries)
- This site contains an excellent selection of links to resources useful for Classical studies. Organized into a series of directories covering such things as subject guides, databases, etexts, journals, Greek and Roman history, art and archaeology, Classical mythology, ancient philosophy, and more.
- De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors
- Part timeline, part biographical index, this well-organized site is an on-line encyclopedia on the rulers of the Roman empire from Augustus (27 BC-AD 14) to Constantine XI Palaeologus (1449-1453). The site is divided into the following sections: (1) an index of all the emperors who ruled during the empire's 1500 years, (2) a growing number of biographical essays on the individual emperors, (3) family trees ("stemmata") of important imperial dynasties, (4) an index of significant battles in the empire's history, (5) a growing number of capsule descriptions and maps of these battles, and (6) maps of the empire at different times.
- Diotima: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World
- Launched in 1995, Diotima aims to be a comprehensive source of information and resources for the study of gender in antiquity. Far more than just a list of links, the site now includes maintained and updated, Diotima includes bibliographies, course materials, paths to a large number of image files, and an anthology with recent translations and full texts of essays. Maintained by Classical scholars at the University of Kentucky.
- Internet Medieval Sourcebook
- This site, developed by Paul Halsall of the University of North Florida and hosted by the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies, has assembled a large collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history for the purpose of teaching and instruction. Its "Full Text Sources" section includes a rich selection of primary source documents. Among the topics covered are: Church Councils, Writings of the Church Fathers, Late Antiquity, Byzantium, Islam, Medieval Thought and Spiritual Writing, the Renaissance and the Reformation. Halsall also compiled the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook and Byzantium: The Byzantine Studies Page.
- The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies
- Sponsored by Georgetown University, the Labyrinth provides free, organized access to electronic resources in medieval studies on the web. The Labyrinth's easy-to-use menus and links provide connections to databases, services, texts, and images on other servers around the world. All links in the Labyrinth are annotated and evaluated for quality.
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- Columbus and the Age of Discovery
- Developed by Millersville University of Pennsylvania, this site contains a database of over 1,100 text articles from magazines, journals, newspapers, speeches, official calendars and other sources dealing with themes related to Columbus' voyages and the monumental encounter of two worlds marked by them.
- Discoverers Web
- Site created by Andre Engels, a doctoral student at the Technical University of Eindhoven in the Netherlands, gathers together links to a wide variety of web-based information about voyages of discovery and exploration, with extensive material on the modern period.
- Early Modern Resources
- Well-organized directory brings together a wide range of frre online resources for the early modern period (ca. 1500-1800) in Europe. Especially strong in British history; created and maintained by Sharon Howard, Ph.D. (University of Wales).
- EuroDocs: Primary Historical Documents From Western Europe - Selected Transcriptions, Facsimiles and Translations
- Well-organized collection of links to Western European historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. The documents are not limited to modern European history. Maintained by Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- Internet Modern History Sourcebook
- Vast, comprehensive site designed by Paul Halsall of the University of North Florida collects together an enormous amount of primary source material that ranges over the entire modern period. The site was designed to support the needs of teachers and students in college survey courses in modern Western Civilization, and every major theme in History 102 (The West and the World) is addressed by the documents available here. Well-organized and worth exploring.
- Irish History Online (Bibliography)
- Irish History Online provides bibliographic data on historical writing dealing with Ireland during all periods from prehistoric times to the present. It is a guide to the work of historians rather than to original sources, unless they have been edited and republished by historians. The bibliography aims to be as comprehensive as is practical for publications since 1936. It lists books, articles in books and articles in journals, including, notably, local history journals. Material from electronic journals is being incorporated. Material is included irrespective of place or language of publication, although coverage is most comprehensive for works published in Ireland and Britain. Data covering publications from 1936 to 2004 are now available for online searching, comprising over 65,000 records.
- LIBRO: The Library of Iberian Resources Online
- A joint project of the American Academy of Research Historians of Medieval Spain and the University of Central Arkansas, LIBRO's task is to make available to users the best scholarship about the peoples and nations of the Iberian peninsula. The site currently offers 52 volumes drawn from recent, but out-of-print university press monographs. The collection focuses upon peninsular history from the fifth to the seventeenth centuries. These online books are presented in full-text format and reproduce all the matter included in the original print version. A wonderful resource.
- The Protestant Reformation (Internet Archive of Texts and Documents)
- Good selection of full-text documents of the Reformation, including writings by Luther, Melanchthon, Calvin, Beza, Cranmer, and others. Selected secondary sources and links to other web resources. Also see a smaller collection of texts and resources about the Catholic Reformation. Both pages maintained by the Hanover College History Department.
- Royal Historical Society Bibliography
- The Royal Historical Society's online bibliography provides bibliographic data on historical writing dealing with the British Isles, and with the British empire and commonwealth, during all periods for which written documentation is available - from 55BC to the present. As well as providing details of publications, the bibliography provides links to online catalogues to help you find the items that it lists in research libraries in Britain, Ireland and the USA. The bibliography aims to be as comprehensive as is practical for publications since 1900. It includes citations for books, articles in books and articles from over 600 journals.
- WESSWEB: Western European Studies Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries
- Useful collection of online resource guides to European studies prepared by library specialists in the field. Includes regional, historical, and contemporary sources, texts and text collections, library resources, and book reviews.
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Islamic Empire and Middle Eastern History
- History of the Middle East Data Base
- This portal to Middle East historical information includes links to online maps, a chronology of Islamic and Middle Eastern history, numerous topical essays, statistical resources, and bibliographies. A helpful starting point for research.
- Internet Islamic History Sourcebook
- Excellent, well-organized collection of online texts and other web resources covering the history of Islam.
- Islam, 622 A.D.-Present
- A chronological outline of the various dynasties of the Islamic Empire and its successor states, organized into a series of tables with accompanying text and maps.
- Islamic Medical Manuscripts at the National Library of Medicine
- This site contains biographies, colorful images, and extensive historical accounts of medieval medicine and science. For students, the site includes an extensive glossary of medical, scientific, and book-production terminology linked to the text. It also features a catalogue raisonnÃ© (including images) from the 300 or so Persian and Arabic manuscripts in the National Library of Medicine. Most of these manuscripts deal with medieval medicine and science and were written for learned physicians and scientists. Some of the manuscripts are richly illuminated and illustrated.
- Maps of the Islamic Middle East
- Small but well-selected collection of maps tracing the history of the Islam through about 1500 A.D. Includes links to other map collections.
- Medieval History of the Middle East
- Useful, well-selected directory of source documents and other web resources covering the history of the Islamic Empire, the Crusades, and related topics.
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Latin American History
- Handbook of Latin American Studies (HLAS Online)
- The Handbook is a bibliography on Latin America consisting of works selected and annotated by scholars. Edited by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress, the print version of the multidisciplinary Handbook alternates annually between the social sciences and the humanities. The Library has print volumes of the Handbook from 1962 to the present (Call Number Z1605.H26), but the HLAS Online database contains complete records for all volumes from the first (published 1936) to those currently in production (approximately 300,000 records in all).
- Internet Resources for Latin America
- Maintained by Molly Molloy, the Latin American and Borderlands Specialist at the New Mexico State University Library, this is a first-rate directory to a wide variety of online Latin America information resources. Among the subjects covered are current events, subscription and public domain databases, electronic books, library catalogs, digital library projects, scholarly and professional organizations, newsgroups, and Spanish-language search tools.
- Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC)
- LANIC, based at the University of Texas at Austin, launched its directory of internet sources for Latin American studies in 1992, and its site has grown to include over 12,000 links to Web sites and pages, listservs, usenet newsgroups, and more. Each resource is evaluated and catalogued by LANIC's staff, and the site can be searched or browsed using its hierarchical directory. A real clearinghouse for electronic sources on Latin American, both historical and contemporary.
- United States and Brazil: Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures
- This site, a collaborative project of the Library of Congress and the National Library of Brazil, is a bilingual, multi-format English-Portuguese digital library site that explores the history, geography, and culture of Brazil and the interactions between Brazil and the United States from the eighteenth century to the present. Its objective is to present important primary source materials online â€“ maps, manuscripts, rare books, prints, photographs, and other materials â€“ relating to the history of Brazil and United States-Brazilian interactions.
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United States History
- AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History
- A large and growing directory of links to historical documents on the web, organized chronologically. Maintained by by George Laughead Jr., manager of the World Wide Web Virtual Library for United States History.
- American Archives: Documents of the American Revolution, 1774-1776
- Beginning in 1837 the printer Peter Force, who also served as mayor of Washington, D.C., devoted sixteen years to collecting thousands of pamphlets, booklets, and newspaper articles pertaining to the "Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America" from the Revolutionary Era in order to preserve them for future generations. He published them in a set of nine large volumes that he called the American Archives. By the late twentieth century Force's collection of materials from the years 1774-6 had become a valuable scholarly resource, as it contained the only surviving copies of many important documents. This site will allow its users to use sophisticated search and indexing software to explore Force's volumes. The site also provides a thematic indexing scheme describing the contents of every individual text in the American Archives collection. Together, these tools will offer scholars, students, and lifetime learners with unprecedented new access to these important primary source materials from American history.
- American Family Immigration History Center (Ellis Island Archives)
- The Ellis Island Immigration Museum hosts this searchable database containing records on the 22 million passengers and ship crew members who passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924. The passenger records include individual names, ethnicity, place of residence, age, marital status, ship of travel, and other details, and you can also view a copy of the original ship manifest. Free registration is required to use the database.
- American Journeys - Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement
- This digital library, the product of a collaboration between the Wisconsin Historical Society and National History Day, contains over 18,000 pages from more than 150 early North American travel narratives. Its goal is to make classic American exploration and settlement narratives easily available on the Web and to support National History Day's 2004 theme, "Exploration, Encounter, and Exchange." Classics of this genre that are freely available elsewhere on the Web were usually omitted. [Choice]
- American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library
- American Memory is a large-scale project of the Library of Congress to make available multimedia collections of digitized documents, photographs, recorded sound, moving pictures, and text from the Library's Americana collections. Over 100 historical collections are now available through this site, including over seven million digitized items (e.g., maps, pamphlets, sheet music, photographs, broadsides, films, sound recordings, notebooks, periodicals and manuscripts). Among the many notable collections in American Memory is Working Paterson: Occupational Heritage in an Urban Setting.
- American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States
- This site "contains a slightly expanded and fully searchable version of the print publication 'American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States' ... with added illustrations and links to existing digitized material located throughout the Library of Congress Web site." Includes books, maps, manuscripts, music, images, and other research materials. Browsable and searchable. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress. [Librarians' Internet Index]
- The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy
- The Avalon Project is digitizing documents relevant to the fields of law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government. Most of the documents pertain to American history and range from the colonial period to the present. To date, 53 major document collections are available. The documents can be browsed and searched, and bibliographic records for the print sources are also included.
- Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873
- This site "brings together online the records and acts of Congress from the Continental Congress and Constitutional Convention through the 43rd Congress, including the first three volumes of the Congressional Record, 1873-75." Find congressional journals, debate proceedings, statutes, bills, official reports, and much more. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.
- The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln
- Online edition of the eight-volume set originally published in 1953. The complete work can be searched or browsed.
- Core Documents of U.S. Democracy
- An electronic collection of current and historical United States government documents which define the American democracy. These legislative and legal, regulatory, presidential, demographic, and economic documents are selected and authenticated by the Government Printing Office's GPO Access service. Includes the Bill of Rights, Constitution, Federalist Papers, and statistical reference sources. [Librarians Index to the Internet]
- The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (Albert R. Mann Library, Cornell University)
- This large-scale digital library project aims to make available a selection of key "agricultural texts published between the early nineteenth century and the middle to late twentieth century. Full-text materials cover agricultural economics, agricultural engineering, animal science, crops and their protection, food science,forestry, human nutrition, rural sociology, and soil science. Scholars have selected the titles in this collection for their historical importance." Currently there are 825 monographs available, representing over 300,000 pages of material. The collection can be searched or browsed. A great resource for those studying the history of science, agriculture, the economic history of the U.S., or a multitude of other topics.
- Free Speech Movement: Student Protest - University of California, Berkeley, 1964-65
- Joint project of the Bancroft Library and the Free Speech Movement Archives is an impressive online collection of documents related to the Free Speech Movement. Included here are primary source materials including the texts of speeches, oral histories, books, pamphlets, reports, meeting minutes, and much more. The entire collection can be searched or browsed.
- Historic Government Publications from World War II: A Digital Library
- New site hosted by Southern Methodist University features just over 200 government documents from World War II. Plans are to enhance the database to approximately double its size by May 2002, when 300-500 documents will be included. Users can either view the documents in a simple list (sortable by title, author, or publication date) or perform a fielded search (title, author, subject, or keyword).
- The James Madison Papers, 1723 - 1836
- The James Madison Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consist of approximately 12,000 items captured in some 72,000 digital images. They document the life of the man who came to be known as the "Father of the Constitution" through correspondence, personal notes, drafts of letters and legislation, an autobiography, legal and financial documents, and miscellaneous manuscripts. The collection is organized into six series dating from 1723 to 1836.
- Making of America (Cornell University Digital Library) &
Making of America (University of Michigan)
- Making of America is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. Particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, science, and technology, these site provide access to 1,867 monograph volumes and over 32 journals with 19th century imprints. Each site's database is comprised of the digitized pages of books and journals, and you can view scanned images of the actual pages of 19th century texts.
- http://moa.cit.cornell.edu/moa/index.html and
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University
- This site includes a "comprehensive inventory of King's major sermons, speeches, public statements, published writings, manuscripts, and substantial notes and outlines." A number of the documents in the inventory are available in full text. To access the available online documents, select "Papers" from the opening screen and then select "Inventory" from the page that loads. Please note that the Library owns all volumes of the Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. published to date (Call Number E185.97.K5A2)
- New Jersey Digital Collections (New Jersey State Library)
- The New Jersey State Library has begun a number of important digitization projects to make some of its important document collections and related historical publications available online. As of early 2006, 24 digital collections are available on the Library's web site, including:
More collections will be added as time goes on.
- New Jersey Searchable Databases (New Jersey Division of Archives and Records Management)
- The New Jersey Division of Archives and Records Management provide access to over one million database entries (indexing names and other information) in nearly 500,000 documents and photographs in the State Archives' collections. The databases currently available include:
More collections will be added as time goes on.
- The Papers of George Washington Digital Edition (Mount Vernon Guest Version)
- Online edition of the papers of George Washington in a single, searchable and browseable online publication. The project is a work in progress from the University of Virginia Press; at present, only the period from June 1, 1793 to March 3, 1797 is missing from the database.
- Presidential Libraries (National Archives and Records Administration)
- The Presidential Libraries are repositories for preserving and making available the papers, records, and other historical materials of U.S. Presidents since Herbert Hoover. Each one contains a museum and provides an active series of public programs. When a President leaves office, NARA establishes a Presidential project until a new Presidential library is built and transferred to the Government. This site contains links to each library.
- The Sixties Project (University of Virginia at Charlottesville)
- Resources here include a discussion list, articles (from "Vietnam Generation"), book reviews, personal narratives, poetry, primary documents, and exhibits of visual materials. An excellent resource.
- Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842 (Digital Library of Georgia)
- This digital archive contains over 1,000 documents and images relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States from the collections of the University of Georgia Libraries, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville Library, the Frank H. McClung Museum, and the Tennessee State Library and Archives. The documents are comprised of letters, legal proceedings, military orders, financial papers, and archaeological images relating to Native Americans in the Southeast. Can be browsed or searched. Follow the instructions at the bottom of the page to access the collection.
- Wright American Fiction, 1851-1875
- Full-text digital archive based on Lyle H. Wright's American Fiction, 1851-1875: A Contribution Toward a Bibliography (Call Number: REF Z1231.F4W92). Wright's volume contains entries for over 2,900 titles and almost all of them are now available in this database for searching and browsing. The collection is a comprehensive storehouse of American adult fiction, including "novels, novelettes, romances, short stories, tall tales, tract-like tales, allegories, and fictitious biographies and travels, in prose." As the site's editors note, "most of the authors contained in the bibliography are little known. This period, a momentous one in American history, provides the foundation of later American literature, and a searchable electronic collection will allow insight into American literature, culture, and history otherwise unattainable." An excellent resource for studies in cultural history.
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